Saturday, 8 June 2013

Ch-2 (IX) What is democracy and why democracy


What is Democracy? Why Democracy?

A simple definition of Democracy

Democracy is a form of government in which the rulers are elected by the people.

Summary definition of Democracy

1.      In a democracy the final decision making power must rest with those elected by the people.
2.      A democracy must be based on a free and fair election where those currently in power have a fair chance of losing.
3.      In a democracy, each adult citizen must have one vote and each vote must have one value.
4.      A democratic government rules within limits set by constitutional law and citizens’ rights

Why Pakistan under General Musharraf should not be called a democracy?.

1.      In Pakistan, General Pervez Musharraf led a military coup and overthrew a democratically elected government and declared himself the ‘Chief Executive’ of the country.
2.      Later he conducted a referendum which was based on malpractices and fraud. He changed his designation as President in 2002.
3.      In August 2002 he issued a ‘Legal Framework Order’ that amended the constitution of Pakistan. According to this Order, the President can dismiss the national or provincial assemblies.
4.      The work of the civilian cabinet is supervised by a National Security Council which is dominated by military officers.
5.      After passing this law, elected representatives have some powers but the final power rests with military officers and General Musharraf himself. Because of these reasons Pakistan under General Musharraf should not be called a democracy.

Should we consider the elections held in China and Mexico are democratic elections? Give reasons.
1.      In China, single party system is practiced.
2.      Before contesting elections, a candidate needs the approval of the Chinese Communist Party.
3.      Only those who are members of the Chinese Communist Party or eight smaller parties allied to it were allowed to contest elections.
4.      The government is always formed by the Communist Party of China.
1.      Since its independence in 1930, every election was won by a PRI (Institutional Revolutionary Party). Opposition parties did contest elections, but the PRI uses many dirty tricks to win elections.
2.      All those who were employed in government offices had to attend its party meetings.
3.      Teachers of government schools used to force parents to vote for the PRI. Media largely ignored the activities of opposition political parties except to criticise them.
4.       Sometimes the polling booths were shifted from one place to another in the last minute, which made it difficult for people to cast their votes. The PRI spent a large sum of money in the campaign for its candidates.

Which are the countries deny equal right to vote? How?

1.      In Saudi Arabia women do not have the right to vote.
2.       Estonia has made its citizenship rules in such a way that people belonging to Russian minority find it difficult to get the right to vote.
3.       In Fiji, the electoral system is such that the vote of an indigenous Fiji has more value than that of an Indian-Fijian.

How is Zimbabwe government undemocratic  and autocratic? Give reasons.
1.       Zimbabwe has been ruled by ZANU-PF, the party that led the freedom struggle. Its leader, Robert Mugabe, is popular but also uses unfair practices in elections.
2.       Over the years his government has changed the constitution several times to increase the powers of the President and make him less accountable.
3.       Opposition party workers are harassed and their meeting disrupted. Public protests and demonstrations against the government are declared illegal. There is a law that limits the right to criticise the President.
4.        Television and radio are controlled by the government and give only the ruling party’s version. The government has ignored some court judgments that went against it and has pressurised judges.

What are the arguments put forward against democracy?

1.       Leaders keep changing in a democracy. This leads to instability.
2.      Democracy is all about political competition and power play. There is no scope for morality.
3.       So many people have to be consulted in a democracy that it leads to delays.
4.        Elected leaders do not know the best interest of the people. It leads to bad decisions.
5.       Democracy leads to corruption for it is based on electoral competition.
6.       Ordinary people don’t know what is good for them; they should not decide anything.

What are the arguments put forward for democracy?

1.      A democratic government is a better government because it is a more accountable form of government.
2.      Democracy improves the quality of decision making by consulting various people and institutions.
3.      Democracy provides a method to deal with differences and conflicts. In any society where people belong to different regions, speak different languages, practice different religions and have different castes.
4.      Democracy enhances the dignity of citizens by providing equality, fundamental rights and freedoms.
5.      Democracy is better than other forms of government because it allows us to correct its own mistakes.


Two types of Democracy

1.      Direct democracy- In which all the citizens of the country assemble in a place and directly take part in decision making.
2.      Indirect democracy or Representative Democracy-In which people elect their representatives and those elected representatives make major decision. The majority of people rule through their elected representatives.

Why is Representative Democracy become necessary in the present world?

1.        Modern democracies involve such a large number of people that it is physically impossible for them to sit together and take a collective decision.
2.         Even if they could, the citizen does not have the time, the desire or the skills to take part in all the decisions.

What is an ideal standard democracy?
1.       True democracy will come to a country only when no one goes hungry to bed.
2.       In a true democracy every citizen must be able to play equal role in decision making with equal right to vote, equal information, basic education, equal resources and a lot of commitment.

1.      Explain Summary definition of Democracy
2.      Why Pakistan under General Musharraf should not be called a democracy?
3.      Should we consider the elections held in China and Mexico are democratic elections? Give reasons.
4.      Which are the countries deny equal right to vote? How?
5.      How is Zimbabwe government undemocratic and autocratic? Give reasons.
6.      What are the arguments put forward against democracy?
7.      What are the arguments put forward for democracy?
Explain the broader meaning of democracy?


  1. Replies
    1. this is very helpful


    2. yes
      you should write more briefly
      this is nothing compared to the information in the original book
      pls extend the information and breifly give the notes

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    4. Okay,this helped me a lot. Day after tomorrow is my exam and I actually feel prepared. You have covered the entire chapter thoroughly. Thank you to the writer

  2. It helped me a lot but add some additional questions

  3. Krishna
    Its helpful but something more is needed .... something about India

  4. this is totally useless and stupid info god knows who has put such stupid info on net

    1. I think you are stupid , better avoid this childishness on net

    2. Uhm, I think you're being pretty thick-witted for saying something like that. Students like me are finding this article pretty useful since it is in our syllabus. If you cant respect that, you might as well dont say a word about it. Plus the person who wrote this has obviously put in at least some amount of effort into it. You have no right to say anything until and unless you can do even a bit better than him.

      Dont make yourself look like an idiot on the internet, its a bad bad idea.

    3. i guess u r talking about urself these notes hav helped me a lot !

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    5. dont read it and surely dont comment about it if you dont like it. someone has put a lot of effort in helping you or actually someone who actually respects this person's effort..

    6. You are totally useless and stupid, god knows who has put such stupid on net and in world

    7. why the hell is this 'anonymous' human so butthurt? why don't you shut up first huh? if there is a comment section, there are gonna be people who write what they think about it.

    8. It helps me sooooooo much. THANKS:):):):):):)

  5. not bad but i dont think this covers the complete syllabus and mind map should be there that can improve this

  6. It helped me very much , but something is missing

  7. Soooooooo good. Ur a life saver just a few days before midterms

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  10. good , helped me in exams dint read chapter jus read this but explanation could be more brief but short is better so basically excellent!!

  11. skillful notes & helpful as well

    1. they r really good
      during exams they r best!!!

  12. Doesn't covers the whole chapter...otherwise nice

  13. helpful notes but but add some additional questions

  14. class 9th, civics
    who are the decision makers?
    plzzz answer fast...!

  15. Thank u soooooooooooooooooooooooooooo much

  16. Nice notes....thank u sooo much

  17. Wow!! Nice notes.....thank u sooo much it helped me a lot......thank u once again....:) ;) :D

  18. It's just owesom......@@@@ I am satisfied with the notes. ......It will help me in my Test

  19. Nice ....but u see u haven't even changed the words from textbook...put some more effort in blogging..cuz shortcuts aren't very good...but still nice for revising the notes

  20. this is just a part of the lesson...but its really helpful

  21. Thank you so much, It helped me alot. May your hard work be a success.

  22. awesome notes !! but some bits of information is missing.. but its in the book. we read that bit from the book

  23. nice .... we can consider this as a summary of this helped me break through my exam ... but i expect more !!!!!

  24. its good.... but some topics are missing

  25. Thanks a lot..... These notes helped a lot for me to prepare for my tests.

  26. Good notes its fast and easy to revise, it is very helpful!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  27. It helped me in finishing my work

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  29. Please write it briefly !!! So many points you missed out here !!

  30. very much informative....hepled me alott

  31. Thnx very much.....can be called as a good explanation

  32. These notes are awesome..Shame on those who say bad things about these. Thanks the article writer����

  33. Thank u for such good notes. It covers all the topics.

  34. Really helpful. Appreciate the good work. Thank you

  35. Thnx guys for such wonderful notes and ya plz also make for geography and economics then u would be covering whole sst prtion once again thnx

  36. soooooooo helpful at exam times THANKS A LOT!!!!!!!!!

  37. Its very much helpful....tomorrow i hav my S.S.T exam ...jus make notes for civics next chp constitutional design plss

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  41. These notes are very useful for me ....but I want this to be more brief....

  42. Helpful.but should be in simple words for weak readers.

  43. amazing thank you so much it is really very helpful ignore the bad comments

  44. There are many unwanted points which needs to be removed.

  45. I want notes of cHapter colonialism and the countryside class 12